Geography and Climate
Turkey is situated at the junction of Europe and Asia. The European part of the country is called Thrace (Trakya) and the Asian part is named Anatolia (Anadolu). The location on two continents has been a central feature of the Turkish history, culture and politics. The country shares borders with Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest, with Georgia and Armenia, and Iran to the east, Iraq and Syria to the south. The Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south are connected by the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles, a water way known as the Turkish Straits. The climate of coastal regions shows features of a transition between a Mediterranean and Black Sea climate. Summers tend to be hot and dry except for the Black Sea coast. While spring and fall are warm and temperate, winters are cold, but the number of snowy days is few. The inner land is more snowy and colder in winter. The coldest months of the year are January and February, while the hottest are July and August.
Foreign Relations of Turkey
Turkey is a founding member of the United Nations (UN), the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), a member state of the Council of Europe and NATO. Since 2005, Turkey is in accession negotiations with the European Union. The negotiations have been launched with the adoption of the Negotiation Framework by the Council of the European Union. Turkey and European Union’s relations cover 3 elements. These are; the application of Copenhagen Criteria’s, the application of EU acquis and the strength of civil society dialogue. According to the basis, negotiations are keeping up with European Union1 . Turkey is also a member of the G20 industrial nations which brings together the 20 largest economies of the world.
The proportion of population living in cities is 92.3%
The number of people living in Istanbul is 14.804.116. Most populated provinces are Ankara, Izmir, Bursa and Antalya. Tunceli is the least populated province in Turkey, with a population size of 82.1933 .
The half of the population is below age 31 in Turkey
The median age of the population in Turkey is 31,4 While the median age is 30,8 for males, it is 32 for females .
The proportion of the population at ages between 15 and 64 is 68 %
People between the ages of 15-64 are the working group, which constitute 68% of the total population. The age group 0-14 form the 23,7% of the overall population, while the 8,3% of the population is made up by people at 65 and over